Nepal is the world’s a most beautiful Himalayan country endowed with half of the world’s 8000m peaks including Mount Everest, variety of eco-system, thick tropical forests teeming with various flora and fauna, roaring rivers, ice-blue lakes, hills, arid deserts, frozen valleys and humid lowland. It is bordered between China to the north and India to the east, west and south.
Nepal is very popular as one of the best destinations for adventure and cultural tourism. On adventure tourism aspect, trekking, peak climbing, mountaineering, white water rafting, jungle safari, canoeing , bungee jump, ultra light flight, paragliding, mountain biking and many other adventure sports are highly focused. From time immemorial, Nepal has also been well known in the world as the land of ancient history, heritage, and culture. It is often said by most of the visitors that there were as many temples as there were houses and many idols as there were people. Each and every corner of the country there are many Hindu temples where many deities are housed. Hinduism is practiced by about 81.3% of the population. Pashupatinath is Nepal’s most sacred Hindu temple and one of the four most important holy places in the world for Shiva devotees.. Hinduism is followed by Buddhism practiced by 9% of the people. Kathmandu valley is rich in different places of pilgrimage for both Hindus and Buddhists. Lumbini is a most popular sacred place in Nepal where Lord Buddha was born in 623 B.C. Around 400,000 Buddhist pilgrims and non Buddhists visit Lumbini every year. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site (Culture) and holds immense archeological and religious significance.
There are many magnificent historical monuments and old palaces worth visiting in the valley. The temples and historical palaces constructed with architectural values highlight the craftsmanship and artistic ingenuity of the Nepalese people then and now.